A brief history
Discussed + listened to examples:
- 1026. Guido D’Arezzo: piece with notes determined by vowels
- 14th & 15th centuries: Isorhythmic technique. Super Rosarum Flores. Complete story here, shorter ones here and here.
- 18th century: Mozart’s musical dice. Played by a pianist; played by Sonic Pi
- 20th century:
- Schönberg’s Serialism. Tone row.
- Boulez’ total serialism.
- Hiller’s Illiac Suite for String Quartet
- Hiller + Cage’s HPSCHD
- Ligeti (we saw Artikulation earlier in the semester)
Came up in discussion:
– Process music: It’s Gonna Rain by Steve Reich
– Longplayer: a piece that lasts 1000 years
– Bach’s Fugue in G minor
Pieces that shocked audiences in their time:
– Beethoven Grosse Fuge
– Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring