Final Post

  1. BOM and Suppliers:
  2. Suppliers: We bumped into hardships finding manufacturers who would adjust the cane/crutch according to our needs. We feel that  If we had more time we could have kept looking for partners, but by the end of the semester we needed to focus on the product so we resorted to using finished products from Taobao and putting them together ourselves.
  3. Mission statement: To bring color to the lives of people with mobility issues by improving the aesthetic of medical crutches.
  4. Product description: CandyCrutch© is a line of crutches designed to be more interesting and fun to look at.  Sporting bright colors in minimalist patterns, these crutches empower users to feel confident and proud while using them.  There is even a glow-in-the-dark version of CandyCrutch©! The crutches are medically-tested aluminum crutches that can hold up to 100kg each, coated in acrylic paint and vinyl stickers.  Regardless of their reason for using crutches, everyone will feel better using CandyCrutch©.
  5. Paragraph on journey: Over the course of this project, we went from ideation and market research to design and prototyping. Our initial idea was to innovate on cane design to help the elderly, but eventually looked at children’s crutches instead. All of the crutches we saw were very bland and boring to look at, and we thought it would be simple to add some colors and design to these crutches. After researching materials and designs to customize the crutches with, we were not able to find a manufacturer willing to work with us. In the end we decided to get the component parts and assemble the crutches in-house. The results may not have the professional finish we were hoping for, but they are just a few steps away from fully realized products and we learnt a lot throughout the journey.
    What we take away from these 4 months is a thorough understanding about the manufacturing process, especially in China.  We learned how to identify and research market opportunities, come up with products to fit those opportunities, and how to bring those products from idea to reality.  Part of this process involves balancing ideation and production, and it’s usually best to do both at the same time. It is important to revise the product you’re working on, but you also need to time deal with factories and other aspects of the supply chain.  Another critical facet of this process is talking to real people who could be using your product. If we had moved from ideation to production sooner we might have been able to adjust to the obstacles that came up, and would have had a more finished product in the end.  In the end, we realized we are probably too charity-minded to be good business people. 😛
  6. Next step:
    1. Our next step would be to look for a manufacturer who would not just produce the crutches for us, but also paint professionally.
    2. Additionally to the paint, we would try and modify the height adjustment system of the crutches as well.
    3. Once we found a manufacturer for the crutches, we could consider applying the same concept on canes, so we could extend our market.  

Our Process in pictures:

Individual part:

I think it’s safe to say that I knew basically nothing about business before, now I have a general understanding of it at least. I realized how overpriced everything is, especially bags and clothing; even though I’m not a shopaholic, after this class, I will not become one probably. What really helped me was the beer game, experiencing “doing business” through playing definitely helped me understand the process and the dangers. Furthermore, I realized that the market need is not random or connected to seasons, and that major events such as a world cup or Eurovision can majorly effect business. The other part from which I learnt the most was the individual talks – mostly with Rudi – about the market, how to contact manufacturers, and what aspects to consider while putting together a more complicated piece. I am still not an expert on engineering but at least I bought a voltage converter, that’s an achievement. 🙂

Working with Tristan was surprisingly smooth, we were always on the same page (maybe I couldn’t express myself correctly and that led to some major confusions).Actually, maybe we were too much on the same page, none of us could get into the right mindset to see this project from the point-of-view of a business person. I think I picked up some practical skills/way of thinking from him, he definitely found the simplest solutions for everything. What he possibly gained from working with me is to care about aesthetics and the creative side a bit more, at the end the product we wanted to create was meant to be used around people, not in a dark basement where only the cockroaches see it. But at least we had fun while working on the cane/crutch together.

Class feedback:

  • I think that this class was a great sort of hands-on experience or introduction to doing business in China, but I feel we spent a bit too much time on the ideation and didn’t have enough time on the production.
  • Maybe a bit less freedom would have taken us further. We were definitely overthinking everything and you let us do it, because it is part of the creative process. But I think this class is about learning about the Chinese market and the different stages of starting a business, from ideation to production. Probably would have been better if we are limited in terms of what we can do or cannot change our idea.
  • I think it would be very effective to have a general prototyping session, when you put simple things on the table like carton, double sided tape, velcro, etc and we can’t use anything else. Also maybe a directed case study would help(such as what Marianne is using for Assistive Technology, with a short description of the situation that needs to be solved and with some information on the target user), to help to imagine ourselves more in someone else’s shoes and learn that cardboard and velcro can go a long way.
  • But you were super-duper helpful and I am very grateful for every bit of extra help we received! 🙂

Final Project


It is a toy for people older than 10. For the younger age groups, it can serve as an educational toys, recognizing different body parts and it can also help to form a healthy body image in their heads. Apart from these, it could also help to teach languages in case of body related vocab, or help to learn anatomy with a further developed toy. For older age groups, it can be entertaining or bizarre, switching up the body parts is not equally enjoyable for everyone (my roommate freaks out of feet for example). I guess that is the uncanny factor in it!

I tried to design it as realistic as possible and detailed as possible, to make it as uncanny as possible.


I started designing a normal body, starting with the head and continue down from the neck to the toes. I used some things from my previous models, such as the ears to facilitate the modelling speed, but it still took a lot of time to finish (I left it bold for a couple of reasons: 1, I really don’t like modelling hair, 2, I am not that good at it, 3, thought the boldness makes my doll a tidy bit creepy, 4, less material while 3d printing). I used Maya 2018 and Mudbox 2018, first created the basic shape low poly mesh of her, which I then took to Mudbox to give those subtle body features such as the back or the neck bone.

After all these, I tried to outsource the 3d printing on Taobao, but it didn’t work as planned. The price was too expensive and I wasted a whole day talking to the printer, while I could have started printing it with you. So then ( I ) we 3d printed, or more like You and I watched closely while you were doing it. It was painful, but I feel I learnt a lot about the nature of 3D printers. I learnt that I should use a different 3d modelling software (Cinema 4D), because Maya is not very compatible with them. I should take it into consideration what kind of 3D printer I will use, as not all of them require thickness, and this can mess up my model. I should also export everything with a baked pivot in good scale to make the process faster.

So after modelling and 3d printing came the glueing part. I glued magnets at the ends of the limbs, seemed like a good idea at the time. I realized too late the point of the project was interchangeability, magnets instead of connecting everything created the barrier.

All in all

I don’t feel I failed with this project, I really enjoyed modelling the body and it posed a challenge as well, because I only modeled faces before, not a full body. I also learnt a lot about 3d printing, which is definitely a plus. The one thing I regret is using magnets.

Further improvement and development:

body image by creating a diverse set of body types (fat, skinny, old, young, etc)

adding organs or make different features switchable as well would be my next step if I were to continue working on this project

I would use velcro instead of magnets, as the polarity doesn’t make every body part matching, and also would have made the whole modeling and printing process easier, since they could have been simple, closed, hollow meshes instead of these weirdos I have now.





It was my fiiirst time of doing anything regarding this, and I was hyper excited to try! Though it was a bit off putting that I couldn’t use my glasses, it is still exciting. (I low-key check on my baby then and now)

I chose a tiny jar of ink to model. To create the mold, we mixed two things together (I am still scraping it off of my hands). Then poured it in the paper box and let it dry for a day.

3D Model and 3D Printing

For this assignment I decided to model my pair of glasses, firstly because they were the first thing next to me, secondly they meant a little challenge to make them. I first created the round part that holds the glass together; made it from a torus and adjusted the shape to look more like my glasses. Then I extruded from the edges the glass stems. After getting the shape of the stem right, I started to do the actual glass. Firstly, I created a sphere, which I cut half, scaled it to be really thin and adjusted the shape so it matched the frame. After everything was at its place and more or less the right shape, I assigned different shaders to different parts, namely used glass, metal and bling.

3D modelling

THIS WAS MY FIRST 3D PRINTING AND I WAS SUPER DUPER EXCITED FOR IT. But I printed it wrong and the printer needed too much support to make it, hence the print looks kinda funny but I looove it.

And the 3d printed glasses:

Toy for Duchamp Poster

Research and on style and technique:

Duchamp was a contemporary artist, much ahead of his time. He took everyday objects such as a chair or a toilet and transformed it into a piece of art. “He CHOSE it. He took an ordinary article of life, and placed it so that its useful significance disappeared under the new title and point of view – created a new thought for that object.” ( I chose the first thing that came to my hands, which was one of my perfumes. It was my Mom’s Chanel I wear almost every day, it became part of my routine; for me using that object as part of my morning routine is as natural as using a pen for writing.
While designing my poster I looked at the posters of Duchamp’s time. In the early twentieth century, most of them were hand drawn, with a female figure, usually in a yellowish dress, red lipstick and/or a black hat. So I designed the character depicted on the poster exactly to look like that. I hand drawn the figure, but I image traced the perfume to get the contours.

















OCCUPATION: Junior Sensory Evaluator 
AGE: 22

FROM: France


HOBBY: Smelling other people

WHAT MAKES HER ANGRY: multi-tasking

WHAT MAKES HER HAPPY: Smelling flowers in the fresh spring air


On 25 March an unusually strange event occurred in Shanghai. For that morning Mademoiselle Coco, a dweller on East Nanjing Road (her family name is lost now—it no longer figures on a signboard bearing a portrait of a lady with a soaped cheek, and the words: “Also, Blood Let Here”)—for that morning Mademoiselle Coco awoke early, and caught the smell of newly baked bread. Raising herself a little, she perceived her roommate (a most respectable lady, and one especially fond of coffee) to be just in the act of drawing newly baked rolls from the oven. Which may not come off weird for you, I feel I have to repeat an important detail that is we are in Shanghai, China. No real bread is available around, let alone a respectful oven in the apartment.

As Mademoiselle Coco desperately tried to ask her roommate what kind of sorcery she is doing, she discovered that in bed she had been changed into a bottle of perfume, more precisely a CHANEL Coco Mademoiselle Eau De Parfum Spray Special Cat edition with a playful pom pom tail. “Playful my arse” thought while still attempting to get up, or at least to catch a glimpse of her monstrous body: all in vain. To her dismay, the rigid glass body moved in one way, sideways. She kept pushing herself more towards the end of the pillow, “it just looks like a snowy hill, I will just slide down and the nightmare will end right here and now”. She was right about to reach the edge when the roommate came in, found the expensive perfume on the edge and saved it. Or she thought so.


From that day on, the roommate used her every single day. Carried her around, played with a pom pom, and just looked at the bottle. Somehow it reminded her of her forever lost friend who disappeared mysteriously on a fine spring day.

Design for Sustainability

  • Material
    • One piece > several pieces = reduce cost of components
    • Using materials instead of electronics (paint>light)
      • 荧光漆 1 kg Paint = ~ 40kuai-100kuai
    • Size – kids size = smaller cane = less material used
    • 6R> recycled material? Is it possible for a coating
  • Maybe focusing on China?
    • Cut delivery prices
    • Smaller carbon footprint
  • Packaging
    • The use of recycled paper for the product manual.
    • Product packaging using recyclable corrugated paper.
    • Product cartons bearing the recycle system mark.

Assignment 4