Touch Project Documentation (Leah)

Date:  May 18th, 2018
Project Name: Piano on ham
Description: This touch project creates a piano keyboard on a pair of jeans. There are fives for five fingers and each one in turns corresponding notes Do to sew. The circuit is connected with Bluetooth to the computer, and the notes are made through processing.
Idea: When learning piano, students may unconsciously tap on their ham when they are set as if they are playing the piano. So I came up with the idea to have a “piano on the ham”. There will be a keyboard on the ham to let the user who wears it tap on the keys and it will actually make the sound from the computer.
I started with coding the notes. I searched for source code on “processing piano”. I found sources using minim library.  The source code allows the user to play with the keyboard.
 Here is the source code link:
Then I changed the code to serve my purpose. I want to let my Arduino control the keys instead of the keyboard of the computer. For the Arduino, it could be as easy as the circuit being connected or not using a button since I don’t need to control the volume so I just need value 1 or 0 to tell whether the sound is made. So I used if statement to do that, letting if the value == 1 than they the processing would make a sound.
Then I started my circuit with the breadboard. I tested the circuit with button and resistor. I didn’t use Bluetooth connect at this time for I need to ensure the circuit work in the first place then go to the next step.
Then I tried to connect with HC-05 Bluetooth connect to connect my circuit. However, I had a big trouble uploading the code. The circuit was right but I can’t upload my code to Arduino when connecting to the port HC-05. I asked Professor Antonius for help, I found that I made the mistake of Bluetooth connection. I should first upload code to Arduino wire, then Bluetooth is just a way of sending single. When first uploading code with wire, I should unplug the RX and TX to make sure Bluetooth connect would not affect the wire connection. Then after uploading the code, just change the port to HC-05 Bluetooth connection and I don’t have to upload code again since the Arduino had been programmed. I did that and succeed got Bluetooth connection worked.
Here is my final Arduino Code
Antonius then gave me another important suggestion, I don’t have to use buttons to control the circuit since the button is not wearable and comfortable on the clothes. Instead, the button just served to cut or reconnect the circuit, so I can just use conductive tapes and other material to make a wearable switch. It reminds me of the “sandwich switch” in our textbook, so I referred to the textbook to make the switch.
Then is to actually connect the circuit to the jeans. I choose a hole jeans so it is more convenient for me to put the wires around. I first sewed the resistors with the sandwich switches together with conductive thread. Then I soldered resistors with the wires connected to the ground (black wires). I used other two wires connected with power (red wires), and digital output pines ( yellow wires). I finished with the first button but when I was testing with the second button, it didn’t work and got short-circuited, I tested servals, but didn’t figure out why, during this process, my Arduino board was burnt due to the short circuit.
Here is one demo before the Arduino was burnt
I borrow another Arduino board and found out the reason. When I sewed the resistor to the switch with conductive thread, I accidentally sewed two conductive sides of the switch together which caused the short circuit. I took the switches apart and re-sewed them with normal threads. Then instead of using conductive thread, I made holes on the switches and made a loop on the resistor. In this way, the resistors and wires are still connected to the switch but it would connect with each other and cause the short circuit.
I finished other four switches and made the switch black and white to make it looks like keys of a piano.
Here is the demo
Lessons learned and further improvement:
1 I could use glue to product the connects. Both to make the connections more stable and prevent the short circuit.
2 I could couch the wires to the jeans to make the wires more stable
3 design and debugging take much more time than coding.

Museum Visit 2 (Leah)

PSA Power station of Art Show
Location: Power Station of Art
Date: April 27th
During the visit to PSA to look at the theater, we are going to the use for final performance, I had a chance also to visit the PSA and looked at the exhibition in there. Here are some pieces that interested me the most.
Everything That Rises Must Converge
It is the first artwork I saw in the PSA next to the little theater. It is impressing for its large size and its way that hanging on the ceiling. The big sculpture connected with mental components and different objects gives a strange feeling or modernism and mentalism. It is hard to find a structured meaning on that but you can certainly feel something from that. It is named Everything “That Rises Must Converge”. From my understanding, the sculpture itself shows this “converge” from the trend that all the branches go into one central point. As it hanging on the ceiling with branches falling, it gives a feeling that all the branches were grown from the ground and gradually rises on the air, the center point is where every branch converge. There are a lot of ladders making up the branches. The ladder can represent “way and road towards higher level” since people use a ladder to reach higher places, so the ladders also emphasize the feeling of rising.
Here is the first piece that everyone entering from the big entrance can see. The big excavator keeps grabbing a bunch of clothes on the top. After a while, it will drop it to the clothes hill again. But every time when it drops the clothes, some of the clothes will drop and slip to the bottom of the clothes mountain so every time the clothes mountain will become flattered. But the process goes really slow since only one or to T-shirt will actually drop and slip away and there is such a big mountain.
The huge size amazed the audience who are visiting PSA from the first sight. There are two spots as well to see the work. You can either see that from the entrance, which gives you a downwards view to look up at the top of clothes hill and the excavator. But on the Third floor, there is a platform where you can see the whole process from the top and this spot gives an even more complete view of the artwork. This design of museum works a lot for this piece to provide different views for the audience to get a different experience.
Another interesting place in PSA is in their balcony, there are flags designed by different artists.
The audience can also enjoy the view of Huangpu River from the balcony, with flag waving in the wind. Flags there are like trees of art, they represent each designer own feeling but together to become a big piece of the flag as well.
Power Station of Art is a big and interesting place worthy of exploring more.  The special location and architecture helped to provide impressive experience for its audience. Different shows holding throughout the year also attract me to visit there more than one times.

Museum Visit 1 (Leah)

Art viewing blog assignment

Exhibition of sculpture: Xiangjing : Through no one but my own (向京,没有人替我看到)

Location:Long Museum (West Hall)上海市浦东新区罗山路2255弄210号

Date: February 25th.



The visiting to Long Museum’s exhibition is quite an interesting experience. Artist Xiang Jing used sculptures as tools to let audience explore in her mind and her imaginary world. Most sculptures are in form of the human, but there are also some animals or magical creatures. But all the sculptures have exaggerated styles with aggressive expressive force.

Here is one of the sculptures on the ground floor and among one of the first sculptures. The man is huge compared to a real size human. His whole body stays in an opening and welcoming way. The whole sculpture gives a sense of forgiving and containing everything as if the world can be all contained in his hug. As one of the first sculpture and it is on the ground floor, the opening and welcoming feeling it gives to the audience could encourage the audience to continue their visiting. Also, the sculpture molded in real human but twisted in gestures and size to extend the normal gesture of human and conveying to the audience more.

The exhibition makes a lot of use of the museum’s unique space and lights. There are a lot of work co-operating with shadows and mirrors, giving the reflection of the sculptures. Here is one example of how Xiangjing’s sculpture and its shadow together become a complete work. The sculpture is lying on the ground, shape in a naked man with the twisted body. The light on the ground project its shadow on the ceiling 1:1 so audience can see its shadow above them. The sculpture on the ground is been looked at while its shadow above is looking at the audience. The shadow, without details and color like the sculpture, but the shadow emphasize on the outline, giving the most direct shocking to the audience

These are the last piece of Xiangjing ’s piece, it is made of a large group of sculptures and all located on the exit. The audience would walk downstairs where they can see all the sculptures as a whole from above’s perspective. After coming down from the floor, the audience will get a chance to take close look at sculptures. There are bunches of glass bottles inlaid on the floor, randomly showing half of the bottles. All the bottles create a fake river on the ground. On the “River” there are groups of people riding the “boats”, there are wooden boats, and even bathtub. Boats and bathtubs, even people on the boats and bathtubs are also half sunk into the ground, giving the feeling that boats and people are floating in the river and half sinking in the water. The dreamy scene was so magnificent that I doubt whether I was stepping on the floor or water.

The floating river as the last piece of the show gives the feeling and metaphor that the water is floating the audience and send them away as the water float. Though it is only fake water, it flows.


In all, it is an interesting and fascinating experience to Long Museum. Sculptures are such a different form from the video, it is 3D and stands still. But the art and expression it conveys to the audience are not less than art videos.




Group Project Documentation (Leah)

Date: April, 25
Partner: Phyllis, Dania, Diego
Project description:
Our project is a T-shirt that guides a person who wears it direction with the vibrating motors. There are two LDR seniors on two side of the T-shirt, each of them communicates with one Vibrating motor to controls that as a switch. When you use light pointing towards LDR sensor, the read of analog will change and trigger or stop the vibrating motor.
 As the prompt asked, we have to extend people’s sense in our project. So on the other hand, if we dismiss one sense from a person and add that sense to our project, it can still fulfill the request.  So we will use a blinder to blind one person of our group, to take the sight away and let the person wear the T-shirt. Then another person will use a flashlight to guide the person directions.
Start with code and circuit
We first tried our circuit on the breadboard to get a basic sense of the circuit as well as testing the sensors. They worked well.
Then we started to move the circuit in Lilypad. The circuit looks extremely different and hard to figure out in Lilypad with special circle structure. So we started with a sketch on paper.
Then Daina and Phyllis sewed the circuit into one piece of fabrics with Lilypad. They used conductive thread to connect the component while I helped to made loops on wires so that they will still use wires as main connections of the circuit and sew the wires into the fabric.
Diego soldering motors with wires so that we can connect them with wires easily. He used hot glue in connection points to protect the circuit.
We started with making two motors not he shoulders and LDR on the chest. Later we found it is not the best design. For there is a waste of wires in this connect since we had to hide the Lilypad behind. Besides, having LDR on the front looks strange, and the people who are guiding the road will only see the road with LDR on the back.
So I and Diego couch the wires of motors on the two side of backs and we connected all the circuit piece by piece.
Final process:
We used tapes to make the connections stronger and here is the final demo
One LDR was broken during the presentation, the connection wire of another motor broke as well. So our project has been working at all during the presentation.
Improve in the future:
Fix two sensors
Used battery instead of the computer as sources.
Make circuit cleaner.

Grace and Leah: Final Project Update

Group Member:
Leah Grace from video art and Demi from HEO
Me, Grace and Demi had a brainstorm for our final project. For now, we have gone through some brainstorming process and we have several ideas.
1 machine and mechanism.

All of us like the idea of mechanism and hope to make that part of our project. We would like to avoid talking about the arguable idea about the human-machine relationship for, on the one hand, there is a big debate on that. On the other hand, we don’t have enough research on that so we’d better not show our shallow idea on that. What we want is to use machines or mechanism as a media to project on our main thoughts on others themes and ideas. For machine normally has precise structures which we find has a lot of aesthetic value

2 The cycle and period of rhythm.
After having the idea of machine and mechanism, Demi came the idea of cycle and period of rhythm, for the machine is always operating in cycle and period. We also agree we can introduce Demi’s pervious idea for her NIME project, using the simple pendulum to create music and visual effect for pendulum can move in the pure physical way with cycles. We are still thinking about the final stage design and how are we going to project our videos, but we all agree the performance could be a good way to show our project.
Links about inspiration projects( about the machine and other visual effects)
Potential materials and tools
For music part, Demi would use Max to make the music. She would also explore other tools.
For the visual part, Grace and I agree we might use Processing to create some visual effects.
Also, I think we might found some polished footage as sources to create other visual effects, maybe we will use After Effect to polish the videos.

Beijing Trip Reflection (Leah)

The two-day Beijing trip is the best ever filed trip I had in my life ( I mean, who would think of going to a field trip to another city for a whole weekend, and it is free!!!). The exhibitions, on the other hand, are the most impressive artwork I had ever seen. Visiting the museum with a specific class talking about and making art gives me a different perspective to look at other’s art show, besides, the different space of museum provides a different experience for me. Here are some amazing pieces I want to talk about
Olafur Eliasson:The Unspeakable Openness of Things – Red Brick Art Museum
My favorite part and exhibition is Olafur Eliasson’s show in Red Brick Art Museum we visit on Sunday. Unlike exhibition halls in 798, the Red Brick Art Museum is designed by a professor from Beijing University’s architecture college.The museum itself has a well-structured building with a featured garden. The exhibits cooperate with the space of the museum, giving the audience a different feeling.
The first ever work I saw was really impressive. The whole room has a big half circle in the middle. There are lights in the circle, giving the room a strange yellow light. Due to the light,   all the objects in the room looks grey, including people. Even if you take the photo, objects in the photo still seem grey. The big circle divides the room into two parts, because of its symmetrical design, you would recognize the other half of the room as a reflection of the mirror. But the real mirror is on the top of the room, making the half circle a whole, you can see your own reflection on the top of the room looking at you back.
The whole project makes you feel you are seeing the world a filter, making you wonder whether you are in the real world and seeing the real person.The mirror, reflections emphasize on this feeling. This hall is open to the hall of the entrance, so people standing at the entrance of the room will be enveloped by the light, being grey, while the background outside is still in the normal color.
Another  impressive work of Eliasson is the “Map for unthought thoughts”
It is another masterpiece of light, shadow, and mirror. The light in the center project the nest -shaped to the wall, forming a web. People who walk through will also see their shadows on the wall. The closer you are to the light, the bigger your shadow will be. The audience together with the light composes the whole image. What’s more, every second’s image on the wall is unrepeatable and unique, so there are infinite possibilities of images on the wall and there are infinite possibilities will be. The room, shaped in half circle, used the mirror to reflect so that the audience can see the whole space as a whole circle.
My personal favorite piece is this one
It is a room with a circle of rain curtain in the middle, the water is almost in the steam form. From the outside, it looks like a white, light yarn curtain. The room was quiet when I was in the room.
But if you walk inside the curtain, you will see
The light projected on the water curtain makes it glow in color, like a rainbow. So it is a rainbow curtain. Standing inside the curtain, with light sound of water dropping on the ground, it feels like in the outer space or paradise.
Eliasson’s use of light and shadow is miraculous. He’s an artful design that invites the audience to join the artwork to build the work amazed me a lot. His technic is so modern and every of his work has an abstract and deep meaning, but they keep look gorgeous from the aesthetic aspect. With balancing between all of these, it became my favorite show during Beijing trip and maybe in my 20-year’s life.
Chang Yun-Han’s video
Chang Yun-Han’s video is my favorite in 798 area. There were two screens playing at the same time. The screen at back will first play an introduction, saying that “I” met another “I” from another space. Two of me “speech at the same time”. When this sentence was said, two screens start to play together, saying this sentence. For the first time, the front screen will have the audio while the back screen will be mute. The front screen told a story about a crocodile. Then for the second time, the front screen will be mute and the back screen will be the same person playing “magic” with poker cards.
The story of a crocodile is jumpy and weird. The narrator keeps describing the color of everything in the scene. The crocodile’s color changed several times from green to white during the story. With an emphasis on colors, sometimes, color replace the plain narrating and became the scene. For instance, when he was talking about the kid throw the crocodile into the sewer and the crocodile fall into the sewer. He said something like: Crocodile, green, sewer white, green white, white, white, grey, black, black, black, black. With these color, we can simply imagine that the crocodile felling into the sewer with light dimmed down away. It connects two sense, hearing and listening together by describing color in language, giving vivid images to audience and picture what the narrator trying to picture.
Two screen’s cooperation and use of sound, images, and playing between explore the video’s function and board. Which makes it has a unique art temperament.
There are other interesting pieces during the trip, but these two are most impressive pieces for me. I will certainly visit Beijing and art museum again for those pieces!

Talking Fabrics: Assignment 5 : Arduino (Leah)

Project: Arduino based gloves
Partner: Arizona Semones
Material: Gloves, two Arduinos, mini breadboards, Arduino attaches, wires
 This assignment requires to contains a social switch, which means we have to have interactions with each other to trigger the switch of the circuit. So we came up the idea that we can attach our circuit to a pair of gloves. So when people clapping hands or holding their hands, the circuit will become accessible. So we bought gloves from Taobao and start to design.
Design and drafts.
Our original idea is to have two gloves with two conductive tapes as the switch, so we will have four different circuits in total.  So when people clapping different hands, the different circuits will be access
Here are our drafts of design
I started to design the circuit. I found that it is hard to active four circuits together. So I decided to just to do two circuits instead. I have one circuit with RGB LED and another circuit with twit switch and another led. I first test the circuit on the breadboard with conductive thread to test whether the circuit will work.
My basic idea is that one of the ground wire of the RGB LED circuit will to the ground of twit switch circuit. The twit switch circuit’s ground wire will go to RGB LED circuit’s ground.
For the coding part. The RGB led needs to import RGB values.
The twit switch needs to be controlled by if statements. The code is like this
Attaching the Arduino to the glove.
Then the next part is the most different part for me. It is to figure out a way that can attach the whole circuit into the gloves. The components are small and easy to sew into the glove, but the Arduino itself is way too big. And since our project is a pair of gloves, it is hard to carry the Arduino. Antonius suggested me to sew a little pocket on the back of hand part and have our Arduino into the pocket. Also, he suggested me to use the attachment of Arduino and have the circuit on the mini breadboard instead of separate them in the gloves.
 It was still hard to sew the pocket, not the glove. The glove has two layers and I had to sew fabrics to only one side. I tried to roll up the gloves and make the needle through. But it didn’t work.
Finally, I figured out a way of sewing
It is like this.
Since the attachment and the Arduino itself has a gap in between, so I used fabrics went across the gap and sewed the fabric to the glove. The Arduino is attached to the glove in this way without hiding the circuit.
I also cut off shorter wires to make the circuit cleaner.
So here is what it looks like finally
int redPin = 11;
int greenPin = 10;
int bluePin = 9;
//uncomment this line if using a Common Anode LED
//#define COMMON_ANODE
void setup()
  pinMode(redPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(greenPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(bluePin, OUTPUT);  
void loop()
  setColor(255, 0, 0);  // red
  setColor(0, 255, 0);  // green
  setColor(0, 0, 255);  // blue
  setColor(255, 255, 0);  // yellow
  setColor(100, 120, 80);  // purple
  setColor(0, 255, 255);  // aqua
void setColor(int red, int green, int blue)
    red = 255 - red;
    green = 255 - green;
    blue = 255 - blue;
  analogWrite(redPin, red);
  analogWrite(greenPin, green);
  analogWrite(bluePin, blue);  


int led = 13;
int buttonPin = 7;
boolean switchState = false;
int buttonState = 0;

void setup() {
  // put your setup code here, to run once:
  pinMode(led, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(buttonPin, INPUT);
  digitalWrite(buttonState, HIGH);

void loop() {
  // put your main code here, to run repeatedly:

  buttonState = digitalRead(buttonPin);

  if (buttonState == HIGH) {
    if (switchState == false) {
      switchState = true;
    else {
      switchState = false;

    if (switchState == true) {
      digitalWrite(led, HIGH);

    } else {
      digitalWrite(led, LOW);




//twit switch

Archive Project: Wake Up!(Leah)


Project: Wake Up!

Tools: final cut proX

Materials found: Youtube


Description :

The final clip I have has been totally another I thought about in the first place. It went on the following progress.

1 What if

My original idea is to make an archive project about what if. I found some footage from classic tragic stories like Romeo and Juliet and making the “determining points” of the stories together.  But the rough cut doesn’t make much sense for me. Besides, I can‘t make the story clear in my head. I kept asking myself, what’s the point of putting them together and what more can I do with that, but I can’t find the answer, so I switch my direction a bit.

2 Breaking the glass

I switch my project to the idea of breaking the glass. First, I personally think the scene of breaking the glass is beautiful from an aesthetic sense. Second, breaking the glass can representing some breaking moment and breaking hearts. So I found a lot of footage from movies where glass is broken. Then I projected clips where the male and female are “living happily ever after” and project them in the clips. But there were two problems: 1 limited to the editing tools I know, I can’t totally master AE in short time, but overlapping two scenes without using AE looks really unnature with the final cut pro. 2 It seems too obvious of what I mean on the one hand. On the other hand, breaking the “fairy tale scene” still doesn’t make full sense. I made an appointment with Professor Chen, learning some basics of AE( which I think still doesn’t fully work for me) and she suggested me instead of using scenes breaking the glass, I should find some green screen scenes to make glass breaking just as a tool of my video, which I think is a great idea.

3 sleeping and waking up

I address my feeling of breaking glass towards the third direction. That is what I feel most breaking moment in my life: getting up from the bed. I found audios of people telling people how to get up early in the first half. Then, I mixed a lot of audios describing how hard it is to get up from the bed and reversed the clips. So it became the struggling of waking up, getting up from the bed and facing the world and reality. It seems quietly reasonable to get up and start a new day. But eventually, everyone will go back to bed and sleep forever. So what’s the point of getting up? Why don’t we just sleep forever without going through everything that is heartbreaking? Or gaining everything but lose them, in the end, to just go to sleep? These ideas make the final video and I think I no longer need glass to express the idea, so I delete them all.


Response to Ian Cheng (Leah)

        The reading and video show us about the artists Ian Cheng’s work Emissaries trilogy. It is a series of video games playing without beginning and end, shown as videos. The trilogy explored the relationship between self and group, human, and nature and it also reflects Cheng’s own philosophical thinking towards technology and art.
The video itself is, of course, interesting, but what really attracts me is how Cheng presents his work in Forum Gallery. Instead of presenting the video in a dark, closed room, Cheng used a “seventeen-foot LED screen” in an open space. The extra resources I found showed the video clip of how it is working:
The open space gives the audience the sense that they are totally free to stay to see the piece or just go away. Unlike the dark environment, where people will be brought into the assumption that they are supposed to watch the video for the darkroom is often where the video (film) is played. This free space echoes in the video which there is no end and beginning. Though there is a narrative line for the story, Cheng is more for presenting the world with his own thought to the audience instead of telling a story with the linear storyline. He also talked how the position of the screen and LEDs helped to express certain factors in the video during his interview. In my opinion, the way that platform helps to present the video itself is a new dimension for video artists to explore other than just content of the video. In the traditional sense, a video is a 2D form of art where contents are projected on the screen. But for artists like Cheng whose work has been introduced to the museum, exploring the exhibition space and playing around with museum space with the video, in Cheng’s example, help to express his video to the audience more clearly while giving a new experience of watching and studying the video in 3D space. As Cheng mentioned in the interview clip, one of his explorations in the video is about the relationship between technology and human. How the technology interacts with human and how it shapes human’s society. Using new technology in forms to present the video is also a good practice for him to dig into this topic.
        Cheng also combined video games with video art when he is making his piece. He mentioned he used Unity, the software that often used to create video games.Unity is based on coding (C-sharp). So instead of shooting the clip, he made the video with coding and create an immersive world with the computer. The use of technology extends the border of video art, giving more possibilities to make the video and provide the clips that traditional video shooting technics can’t achieve. I really admire his spirits of creating and exploring.
    In all, Cheng ’s video is strong to me as new video artists. Using and exploring with technology and challenging the video forms, he gives me a lot of inspiration in making art.

Leah: Archive Project Update

I have been struggling with some vague ideas about this project.

My first idea is called “What if”, the main part is to cut several famous tragic stories together and playing with their “turning point”. This is based on my experience on creative writing class I took before, that people are expecting a good ending for stories and there is always a turning point of the story that makes it become tragic. Like in Romeo and Juliet, the point is when Romeo took the poison. I wanted to play with these moments to create the atmosphere but I can’t get my idea through. I kept asking myself: why does it important and what do I like about the tragic stories?

After asking and searching for tragic stories, I turned to another direction. I grabbed the idea that the tragic is to break good things to people. So for now, I cut a lot of scenes of breaking the glass together. And using the final cut pro to put some other scenes on the glass. The idea is that the scenes on the glass will break as the glass break. Those good moments are fragile as the glass. But I haven’t really decided what scenes should I put in the glass.


Here is my rough cut