Week 6: Response to Ecstasy of Influence (Cici&Alvin)

©️What is copyright? According to Wikipedia, it is “a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights for its use and distribution”, which is similar to the concept of “moral absolute” as  Jonathan Lethem defines. However, what Jonathan agrees with is not the belief that copyright is a production of law, instead, he holds a firm belief that copyright should be an “ongoing social negotiation.” It really makes sense as it is just so hard for us to recognize all the works that have copyright that sometimes we unintentionally use them without marking the copyright. Besides, sometimes even if we are aware of the copyright, the standard is just too vague that the product itself can’t really confirm whether it has a copyright or not. In a word, it is just too hard to judge. For example, the remix music and the original one, shall we call the remix one a copied work? But almost every so-called creation is based on the previous works. It is just too difficult to draw the line and therefore, “ongoing social negotiation” may be more suitable due to its “flexibility”. Actually, I think copyright is more like a responsibility, a moral standard that every creator should obey.

Another interesting point mentioned in the article is the role of culture. What the author argues is that when something becomes so popular that almost every person will use its idea, which means that millions of people are violating its copyright. Then how can the original author protect his or her copyright? Using laws? But there are just so many people to be punished. And once something becomes culture, it is just too hard to define it as a private work. People regard it as part of their culture, something that every body is familiar with and thus, every body can use it like the way we use proverbs without taking copyright into consideration.

In a nutshell, copyright is not something can be defined precisely and we should strive to show respect to the original works along with those authors’ legal rights.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Week 6: Response to On the Rights of Molotov Man (Cici&Alvin)

“Molotov Man” is originally a famous photograph first taken by Susan Meiselas during the Nicaraguan Revolution in 1979, which vividly depicts the scene where a man is throwing his bomb at a Somoza national guard garrison. This is of great historical meaning because as Susan Meiselas explains in her article: “It was an important moment in the history of Nicaragua-the Sandinistas would soon take power and hold that power for another decade-and this image ended up representing that moment for a long time to come.” However in 2003, another artist, Joy Garnett, a  painter, decontextualized, or as Susan defined, appropriated the original photo to create her own painting. However, from Joy’s perspective, she claimed that that was definitely not a integrity but a normal recreation and she argued that Susan shouldn’t be that annoyed because no one can control art.

So the issue is that is it a plagiarism? Does the original author still have the chance to “control”the future recreations? Or, furthermore, who really has the rights on Molotov Man?

As far as I am concerned, in this case, I am more in favor of Susan Meiselas because I do think the copyright is of great importance to both the production and reproduction of arts. I agree that “remix” is no doubt something we should “embrace”, however, if the copyright of the author cannot be protected, in a more serious way, the effort of the author is not well respected, then there will be fewer people willing to share their works with others, which is something bad for both creation and recreation. However, I am not here condemning all the recreations based on others’ works, instead, I think it is really a good way to promote arts. Susan always said that: “The image has been subjected to many kinds of reappropriations, most of which, far from condemn- ing, I have welcomed.” So what she feels uncomfortable about is Joy’s new understandings and expressions of the narrative. As a photographer, the true story, the true feeling along with the true expression are what she pursue while as a painter, Joy “wanted my choices to be based more on aesthetic criteria than on my emotional attachment to their narratives”. Therefore, they are to some extent, quite contradictory with each other in regard to their pursuit of art. Thus, I don’t think either of them is wrong, instead, I appreciate both forms of art. But meanwhile, I do think that even if painting means creating something with strong personal emotions of the painter, we shouldn’t misunderstand the feelings of the narratives too much. For example, it is incorrect and immoral to turn some photos of people suffering from disasters into funny comics. I mean as long as the basic principles are concordant, then the recreations like Joy’s are of course welcome. But don’t forget to mark the copyright of its original author.

To summarize, respect the narrative, mark the copyright and then just “embrace your remix”!

 

 

 

Week 6: Interactive comic project (Cici&Alvin)

Title: WAIT! I AM A GOOD STUDENT!

Group: Emily & Chloe

Link: http://192.168.50.184/~zq404/amazingcomic/index.html

Instructor: Cici &Alvin

Project: Interactive Comic

Description of the project: This project is about creating our own interactive comic based on basic websites with the applications of html, css, javascript, photoshop and so on. And the name of our project is called WAIT! I AM A GOOD STUDENT! It is an interesting comic focused on the colorful school life in NYU Shanghai. We have made six seemingly individual parts talking about different aspects of the school life or more specifically, the daily situations we all may have met every day. We hold a firm belief that this comic is really closely connected with our real life as well as very interesting because we have added a lot of cool choices for the interactions. The main character of the story is called GOOD STUDENT.

He is a freshman who loves eating, playing and especially, daydreaming. And the whole story is sort of like a portrait of one day of Good’s life. When he is faced with problems, we will offer choicesand it is then up to our userto decide how Good’s destiny will be like, which we think, is very interesting and interactive. We take real life photos and invite our friend Skye to draw characters for the comic. And then we cut it out with Photoshop and use programming to combine them together as well as build some interactions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discussion of the process: Firstly, We have divided our project’s work into several parts and I think it really makes us work more efficiently. For example, I am mainly responsible for the detailed transcript, basic image editing and programming part while Chloe mainly focuses on the Photoshop part. And we do the photography and draft transcripts together. And I really think it has improve our ability to cooperate with each other. And later we just carry out the plan as we made at the beginning and we do make a lot of adjustments during the process. As I mentioned above, I am mainly responsible for the detailed transcript, basic image editing and programming part. I have to admit that before the project, I was really bad at programming and knew almost nothing about the complex codes. Thus, I met a lot of problems during the project but I was so happy that I all work them out finally. By referring to those previous exercises along with doing research on my own, I find myself much better at programming than before. Also, I think that my ability to cooperate and compromise is also well strengthened. Because Chloe and I may have different or even contradictory ideas towards one problem so we just have to discuss about the pros and cons for each plan and try to reach a best agreement. I used to be afraid of it but now I really think I am doing much better than before.

How the project works: The structure of our comic is actually simple. On our home page we have six funny emojis buttons (drawn by Skye) and if you click on them, you will be led to different parts depending on which button you have chosen. And one special point our home page is that if you move mouse on the emoji they will turn into the scene of the story which make it to some extent possible for user to preview or guess what the part is about! Then move on to each individual part of the story where we provide various kinds of interesting interactions and stories! For example, part one, part six are similar because they are mainly built like this:

(part 1 screenshot)

you can click on the introduction image to see what is happening through a pop-up window and then you can feel free to “decide Good’s destiny” simply buy clicking on any of the cute buttons down below the pictures. Like this:

(part 6, choice 3)

Besides, we also have audio version parts like part 4 which is read by Siri and part 5 read by Luisa and Chloe. I really like these audio versions because they sound interesting and cool.

 (part 5 screenshot)

Part 2 is my favorite part because I apply one of my favorite music as background music and also apply one of the most complex javascript function to this page. You can try it yourself through the link!

(part 2 partial screenshot)

And part 3…we have applied function “comments”,which users can type in their own ideas and the details can be seen through the link.

Post-mortem: In general, I do think that our project is quite a success and I am so glad that most of our goals are met! The characters and the backgrounds are exactly like what we had expected while the functions we had designed are mostly done as well. The only part we don’t do well is that we delete one function we wanted to make. We wanted to design a function that the right solution will appear only when user has clicked all the false choices down below. We have tried a lot of times but still couldn’t work that out so we just applied another way. Though it looks still good now, I feel a little pity for it and I will keep seeking the solutions in the future to improve my website one day.

Week 5: Response to “Embrace the Remix” (Cici&Alvin)

When it comes to the word “Remix”, the first thing appears in my mind is nothing but the wonderful remix music. To be frank, I am actually a huge fan of it because I admire those DJs who can infuse new life into the original versions. Remix music, basically, is a subset of audio mixing in music and song recordings, according to Wikipedia, and I have to admit that I used to consider it as an improvement of the original song instead of a band-new creativity. However, this ted, “Embrace the Remix” has totally changed my mind that—- Remix is a creativity and we should embrace the remix in many areas other than music.

Though I am crazy about remixes, especially electronic music remixes which mean applying electronic elements to those traditional ones, I used to doubt whether they belong to plagiarism or not. Because sometimes the adaptations can be much more famous than the original ones and that sometimes people will only remember the remix one, which from my perspective, is a little unfair and contradictory. For instance, one of the most popular remix nowadays all over the world is originally an only Spanish song called Despacito. Though this Spanish song was popular in Span before, the remix version created by Justin Bieber is probably more “household” than it. The beats are almost the same while the whole structure is just so similar that many would say that they only changed a little part of the song. However, it is still a creative work instead of a copy because the difference is that ,as Kirby Ferguson points out,  three elements account for a “remix”, which are “copy, transform, and combine”. This means that copy is indeed a part of a remix because as Ferguson argues, any creation, no matter how creative it is, is all built on the basis of the previous pioneers and knowledge. Nobody is isolated in the world while in the same way, nothing has definitely no connections with other works. The key point is only how we use the original work, not   merely copying but with the intention of create something new. What you want is not not letting others discover that you are cheating but instead, you admit that you are taking something from others because you need the inspiration.

Thus, I am not actually favor of Steven Job’s claims in this ted because I think, we need to share because you are taking something from others as well, no matter consciously or unconsciously. We should embrace remix because this is the root of the most amazing flower on this planet, which is called creativity.

Week 5 : Our Interactive Comic Process (Cici&Alvin)

Documented by: Emily(Ziyue Qiu)

Group: Emily & Chloe

Title: Our Interactive Comic process– WAIT! I AM A GOOD STUDENT!

Link: will be posted later when we are completely done 🙂

Date: October 10th, 2017

Instructor: Cici&Alvin

Project: Interactive Comi

Process: 

Firstly, I(Emily) want to mention that we have divided our project’s work into several parts and I think it really makes us work more efficiently. For example, I am mainly responsible for the detailed transcript, basic image editing and programming part while Chloe mainly focuses on the Photoshop part. And we do the photography and draft transcripts together. I emphasize this part because I really think it has improved my ability to cooperate with others.

In regards to the comic itself, I am glad that we have almost finished the most of it and all we have to do now is polish up the details and improve the homepage. So here I want to quickly show you some “raw material” of our project and some screenshots of the parts we have accomplished.

Basically, we use photoshop to cut out the main character of our comic which is drawn by hand, like this:

and then we put them on the background which is a photo, like this

(this image is a choice that you can probably make in our part five which is about how to do when you feel sleepy in class ; )

And we have many images like this! As I mentioned before, we have like six sections, so for me(Emily), as a website programmer, even just a beginner, I don’t really want all these six index pages look the same. So I decide to make some changes even I am not really good at using html, let alone JavaScript. But I try my best and have learnt a lot from the previous in-class exercises. I try to use background music for some pages and also I apply confirm windows, alarm windows a lot. One of my favorite function I use is “how many stars do you want to give to this choice”, basically, I use a lot of CSS and JS to realize this function. It takes a lot of time and effort, but I am very happy that it really works in the end that our users can show their preference to different choices. Also, we use both traditional comics dialogue’s format and audio version! Which I think is very interesting and creative. So here are some screenshots for our project! Hope you like it!

 

I know it is not clear and they are just few of our whole work…so if you want to see them all, just wait for us! It is really an interesting comic and hope you will like it!

 

 

 

Week 4: Java-Script Exercise 2 (Cici&Alvin)

Name of the project: Java-Script Exercise 2

Documented by:Emily

Link: http://192.168.50.184/~zq404/week4/java2/index.html

Description:This is my second javascript exercise which is about making specific blocks turn blue while the others stay white. This is a bit challenging for me because I have to explore my own approach to addressing the problem with my limited javascript knowledge. Actually at the beginning, I found it very difficult and had no idea about what to do. However, after scanning all the cases we have done before, something new struck me– I can learn something from those exercises since they have something in common. In the end, with the help of those previous exercises and tutors and instructors and classmates, I finally made it!!! I was really happy when my blocks all work well at last!

Week 3: Java-Script Exercise 1 (Cici&Alvin)

Name of the project: Java-Script Exercise 1

Documented by:Emily

Link: http://192.168.50.184/~zq404/week3/java/index.html

Description:This is an exercise about using javascript to improve a basic website. In this project, I used javascript to change the style instead of using css. I changed the background color into pink, changed the font family, the font color and the lay out a little bit. Besides, I created a button which is linked to my first week’s assignment. What’s more, I also used an on mouseover alert for the header and an onclick confirm for each image1 and 3.

Week3: Presentation on interactive comics(Cici&Alvin)

At the very beginning, Chloe and I were both very confused and stressed because literally, we had no ideas about what comics were we going to make. We surfed the internet, we brainstormed, we watched short movies and we even scanned plenty of comics for inspiration. However, to our disappointment , none of them worked.But just last night, when we were sitting in a student lounge, an idea just struck me suddenly—-an series of interesting comics about our NYU school life! Both of us loved this idea and we just worked hard to realize this plan.

Here is our ppt for presentation.

Week 3:My Innovative Websites (Cici&Alvin)

http://nipponcolors.com/#sakuranezumi

This website is no doubt one of my favorite websites because it has not only fabulous page designs but also interesting interactions with its users, which is very special and attractive. This is actually a Japanese website for color design so apparently, it is very colorful and artistic. Basically, you click the color you prefer and magic will happen—-the whole screen will gradually turn into the color you choose which is really fantastic. What’s more, I have to emphasize that the colors available on this website are all extremely amazing. Last but not least, that the website is not still but dynamic is probably the primary factor accounting for my recommendation because those interactions really make it unique and different from other color websites. For example, if you enter this website, don’t forget to click the button called MUNSELL on the right side. You won’t regret, I promise.

 

http://weavesilk.com

This website is probably even more interesting than the first one as it is more interactive and creative. Users are allowed to create whatever pattern they want by simply moving the mouse and inspiring their own taste of art. However, if it is only a website for drawing, then it is not that special, right? The unique point of it is that the lines you draw are all like its name—-silk. Basically, imagine that moving your mouse is to some extent, equal to weaving silk online! Isn’t it cool? Also, you can share your compositions with others which makes it even more interesting! Actually, you have to explore it in person and I am sure that you will love it!

 

Week3: My CSS website(Cici&Alvin)

This is my website.

http://192.168.50.184/~zq404/week2/assignment3/index1.html

I remember that when I accomplished my first html website, I was literally not satisfied with the style because in fact, there was no styles or decorations at all. I am always a girl who loves colors and fancy formats so you can imagine how excited I was when CSS was introduced to me. However, soon, sadness substituted for the initial excitement because I knew nothing about this language and I couldn’t handle those tags at all. But after days of practice and exploration, now I understand the different functions of each tag and I am happy that now I can do some basic decorations with them.

In regard to my website, I firstly changed its background color to one of my favorites–pink. As I put a lot of images on my website, so I decided to choose a pure color instead of a image. Then I switched my focus to the characters. Size, color, font, shadow… It was really interesting to watch them keep changing for the better. I also apply gradients to make my website look more colorful and attractive.