Tyler Roman – Digital Fabrication Final Project


Look at above slides for the initial beginnings/photos of the project, I believe google slides only allows a limited amount of photos so the rest of the report/documentation will continue here. ‘

Creating The Base

So to go along with the head, I used an elephant model that was then stripped of needless parts, had its holes and errors filled in, and then simplified. The initial idea being like with the head in the creation process.

Also, added photos for the head portion of the project, these are part of the failed head, but still serve as a base from where the project has come. Warning they are pretty deep into the uncanny valley and could definitely serve as nightmare fuel.

Following this, the models were imported into Slicer for Fusion 360 and then broken up into sections that could be laser cut, folded, and assembled.

More Trouble

It is at this point, that I ran into even more trouble, I was not aware of just how much time it would take to assemble all of these pieces as a full size of cardboard in the laser cutter would only cut maybe 1-2 pages and furthermore, these forms were only for the purpose of laser cutting paper and then folding them. In order to use cardboard as I intended, I was actually supposed to separate the models into individual pieces rather than these fold-able pieces which actually couldn’t be folded as cardboard.

Luckily, some guidance by Marcela lead me to a better path. I already had the models ready, instead of simplifying them, and then separating them I could just take the original models and then straight 3d print them. With some minor modification to the models I had I could just assemble them quite easily. On top of all this Marcela gave excellent suggestions in the use of the Skanect for photogrammetry which would instead use the Xbox Kinect in order to create the personal models quick and easy. Furthermore, using either the laser cutter, embroidery machine, or vinyl cutter I could further cut a QR code out that would link to my WeChat wallet allowing my project to transcend its physical coils.

First, up was recreating the facial model using my actual face again.

Then was the modification of the base this was essentially returning to the original model (still no head) and then adding a hole to take out any donated money and a slot to actually donate physical money.

The end result of the models would be a combination that looks comparable to examples below.

In addition, this was the QR code that others would scan in order to donate via WeChat (feel free to try it out).

Final Issues

However, even with all the models ready to go and print, all was not said and done. Upon trying to print the body first I found that print constantly at different moments of production.

Now wait a minute,  that one looks suspiciously finished and messed up no? Well upon closer observation of the model it turns out that there was an issue with the model that would only appear in the scan before printing, visually nothing was wrong with the model, but the printer simply did not recognize that space.

At this point of time, it suggested that I move on to trying to print the head while the issue of the body could be diagnosed later. Unfortunately, my first attempt at printing failed about half way through and every attempt afterward as well. even after consulting the slides during in class, trying to change various setting in order to get a successful print hours upon hours proved the endeavor to be fruitless. Hence the final product while structurally similar, is a bit of a far cry from where I want the product to be. As seen in a comparison below.

Looking forward, I really would like to get decent prints, to figure out what the issue with the body is and to have a product I can be proud of, a big step is probably leaving the printing to those who know a bit better while I continue to try, learn, and grow. Overall, this project was really enlightening I wanted it to be a good representation of what I learned in this class and while I aimed a bit too high the beginning, and was not able to attain the ideal result in the end, the process I feel has taught me a lot and has given me increased confidence in the processes and I hope going forward that I will be better able to refine this idea, to the idea that No Money could one day equal No Problems.

Also extraneous issue, I have serious complaints against my laptop sometimes as it enjoys to do this, especially after hours of work when models have not been saved (again, an issue on my end).




Tyler Roman – Digital Fabrication Assignment #05

“Despite the potential of digital fabrication labs and ‘making’ in education, educators and scholars must remember that, as Seymour Papert would say, the real power of any technology is not in the technique itself or in the allure it generates, but in the new ways of personal expression it enables, the new forms of human interaction it facilitates, and the powerful ideas it makes accessible to children.” – The Democratization of Invention 

Following this and the examples of other artists, specifically those who use photogrammetry, I thought it would be a good final project to emulate this idea of expression and artists like Amit Zoran and Leah Buechley who ideas for artifact uniqueness inspired to make something was more unique, more personal, and allowing me to express an old idea in new ways.

Link to Final Project Idea Presentation:


Tyler Roman – Digital Fabrication Assignment #04

For assignment 4, I took a 3d model of a bunny, cleaned it up in MeshMixer, and then imported into MeshLab where I reduced the amount of polygons until it met a good middle ground for shape and low polygon. Importing that model into Slicer for Fusion 360 I selected the proper format for cutting the rabbit into laser cut-able, fold-able, and assemble-able pieces.

Tyler Roman – Digital Fabrication Assignment #03

Following the previous assignment I wanted to further the idea of creating a die. For this I wanted to fabricate a d20 or a 20 sided die. Looking up photos of dice I saw it was made entire of triangles arranged into an interesting shape, following the image as a guide and have never actually seen a d20 in real life, it was both a challenge and a pleasure to figure out the proper arrangement, going through a series of ideation processes in terms of layout and angle, until I ended with the final model, still somewhat messy, but a solid 10 triangles per side in a reasonable alignment/ half size. I assume there was a better way to fabricate this model instead of doing it triangle by triangle and going forward I really would like to get a better model going.



Tyler Roman – Digital Fabrication Assignment #02

For assignment two I kind of wanted to make a model for 3D printable dice. As a lover of board games it would pretty neat to make my own dice and to be able to use them in games, due to the uncertain weights of dice especially printed ones I don’t know usable it would be it would still be pretty cool. For this die I made a mock up of a 16 sided dice made by overlapping pentagons and then cutting it down the middle with a octagon. I think it’s pretty symmetrical, but again I don’t know how it would function as a die.

Tyler Roman- Digital Fabrication Assignment #01

For the first assignment, I self designed a yin yang fish image heavily inspired by the Yin and Yang Koi fish from the animated series Avatar: The Last Airbender. After drawing it into my sketchbook I traced the illustration into Adobe Illustrator. Going through multiple, iterations I finalized one of them and proceeded to have it laser cut into a stamp, which was then stamped into my sketchbook once more.



Final Project Proposal — Maxwell Murray, Oct. 9th Assignment


For my Final Project, I wanted to turn to something that was important to my life. I thought for a long time, and eventually settled on the idea to work on a product that may be useful for someone with Alzheimers, as my grandmother suffers from the disease, and I thought it may be nice to create something that could be useful for her and for my mother who takes care of her.

My research started with looking at other products that were made for people with memory problems. This research also helped me develop the design constraints I was interested in working with.



My biggest inspiration, which you might find in the photo above, is price. Goods and products made for people with Alzheimers and Dementia tend to be incredibly expensive, and I wanted to make something that was affordable for every.

I also talked for a long time with my mother and siblings over the phone, and my mother in particular thought it would be useful for me to focus on something that would give the person working with it a concrete reward.

I also took inspiration from artists who have created while living with Alzheimers (like the self-portrait pictured above), and the simplicity of design of products marketed to people with memory problems or visual impairment.

For starting off, I thought I would begin by 3D printing the designs for a simple box that could contain the necessary object. Sketches below!


3D Modeling with Rhino – Maxwell Murray

For this assignment, I again wanted to keep it simple, as I had no prior experience with Rhino. I decided to try and model an earring holder, and I have plenty of earrings that I simply keep in a little tin, which isn’t convenient in the least.

Started with some simple boxes then through in a bit of boolean difference to get a gap. Following, I added a number of boxes (good old drag + option to get copies) to get the basic shape.

Simple enough at the point, but I wanted to add a LITTLE bit of flair to it, since…why not? I added some shapes, used some more boolean difference, and extruded a line here or there to get my final product.

I think, if I were to actually print this, I would probably have to add some sort of base to one of the sides, otherwise it’d topple easily. Ideally I would print a separate bracket that could change the sides it was sitting on.

2D Design & Fabrication Documentation – Maxwell Murray

Having never used Illustrator before, beginning to design and create for this class seemed extremely daunting to me. I was very unfamiliar with the program, and with digital design in general, so I wanted to start off small and create something that was familiar to me.

With that, the first object I created in Adobe Illustrator was the White Lotus Pai Sho piece, from the popular television show Avatar: The Last Airbender.

Method wise, this was pretty simple; I simply trade the design in A.I. The biggest challenge for me (after the initial learning curve) was how to get all of the unique shapes to a space that felt similar enough to me. I quickly ended up learning about the Anchor Point tool, and that became my saving grace for the course of the project. The other main struggle was in deciding which layers to engrave and which to leave — my brain hadn’t really had to think in that way before, and it was tough to visualize things in space in this way.

I ended up creating a rubber stamp! This went pretty seamlessly. I think in the future I would make the engraved portion a little deeper, as the stamp doesn’t pick up ink incredibly well.

Following, I tried tracing another design, from a cup I had back in NYC (a friend sent a photo for me). This was a lot of the same process; tons of Anchor Points, though I definitely started to understand the tool a lot better around this point.

This took a bit longer — especially the rose — but in the end, I wouldn’t call it too difficult. It helped me further continue to hone my skills with the program.

I opted to try the embroidery machine with this design, and am very happy with my final product.

The machine itself gave me a LOT of trouble. For starters, I didn’t really know my way around a sowing machine. Following, though, the machine clogged multiple times, and my first few attempts at using it ended up in failures, in which I spent upsides of 20 minutes trying to fix the machine which ultimately made the designs off center. This final time it went smoothly, in part because I slowed the stitching speed WAY down for the specific portions that seemed to give the machine trouble.

Final Project “Hinge-On-You Organizer” – Jeannie

Documented By: Jeannie Jung

Date: 25 October, 2018

Instructor: Marcela Godoy



  • Project Statement of Purpose

It became easier to organize files and documents on laptop as it helps people to find the specific file when needed and to use proper softwares for specific uses. On the other hand, organizing small accessories in their rooms still feels like a lot of work. As a result, such cluttered tables with small goods, such as glasses, hair bands, earrings, bracelets, etc., not only looks messy but also makes it harder to find whatever they need to find. Especially, when it comes to accessories, you can even forget which ones you have when they are not organized well. I myself felt the need of having an organizer of which I can keep track of which accessories I have and make my table more neat and tidy. The goal of this project is to fabricate an efficient table organizer for small accessories using digital fabrication techniques. Bearing in mind that this organizer serves as a small furniture that can decorate one’s room, unique yet simple-to-use design will be an essential part of fabrication process.


  • Literature and Art, Perspectives and Contexts

I was first inspired by a creative table lamp that I found online. A stack of wooden blocks are put around a central bulb, allowing the users to change how the light is coming out from the center. It is a simple lamp, nothing high-tech or require a complex process to build. Yet it brings you joy in an aspect that you can customize your own lamp by rotating the wooden blocks around it. I thought the table organizer can be constructed in a similar way, allowing users to hide some of the blocks while rotating other blocks to face outward and use them to hang their accessories.


Fig. 1. Creative Lamp Found Online


Furniture designer Carlo Ratti teamed up with Cassina to “create adaptable, flexible designs that respond to our many changing needs.” They built three prototypes under the theme of furnitures in the near future. Below images show the basic structure of the prototypes and is called MyWing (built in & freestanding). It functions as a standalone coffee table as well as a table-top for working, eating, writing and reading, a magazine rack, or a cup holder. It can change its shape by manually turning, moving, or reconfiguring the organization of hinges.


Fig. 2. MyWing


Before researching about MyWing, I was simply thinking of rotating several layers of blocks to make different configurations. But, I realized the use of hinges enables much more than merely a transformation of blocks. Just like a cube puzzle that kids play with, the table organizer with hinges to reconfigure its shape will have a default cylindrical shape and customize its configuration. This enables more freedom of shaping the organizer while ensuring more stableness in its standing.

I started researching with ‘creative small furnitures,’ then ‘table organizer designs,’ and to ‘digital fabrication furniture.’ The more I looked up online, the better and more creative my object became. Articles about the hinges and the actual pieces of work using them were truly helpful in coming up with a more efficient structure of the organizer. And looking at a collection of unique furniture designs added up to making my design more unique yet simple and clear.


  • Project Description

I created an organizer that reconfigures its shape as the users want. It is be a stack of separate blocks that can be expanded from one core column in the center using hinge technique. The blocks are in different sizes and shapes in order to add creativity and fun. In its default state, all the stacks will be facing inward, seeming like one simple hexagonal cylinder. Depending on which blocks are spreaded out, it can be in different shape. There are small bars attached and holes pierced on the blocks to facilitate hanging of small accessories on it.

Since it is easier to create an object with volume using 3D printers, the bigger support was created using 3D printer. Each stack of different sizes with either holes and/or small bars are designed using Rhino and are cut from wood stack using Laser Cutter.


  • Project Significance

A table organizer may sound like a trivial object for a mere room decoration. While it is not absolutely wrong, I would like to emphasize more on the impact such a small object can bring to one’s daily life. In a perspective of individuals, it is not only the huge, magnificent, world-changing inventions that leave impacts on one’s life. Furniture and interior design have been an effective tool to add up to refreshing one’s lifestyle. I expect to create a creative and unique small furniture which is easy to use and interesting enough to contribute to one’s interior design. And, eventually, such a small but interesting object in one’s room will be the starting point of giving more joy to one’s repetitive or plain lifestyle.


  • Project Design and Production

I first designed on paper and discussed with Professor to come up with the optimal ways of production. She suggested to use female bolts for a hinge effect to spread out the hexagonal sides.


Fig. 3. Rough Drafts of Design on Paper


Then, I designed each sides of the hexagon in Rhino. It was easier to see how the final product will look like as I can extrude the curve and make it into a 3D model. I made sure they all fit into a perfect hexagon and that the upper 3mm-height stack and the lower 6mm-height stack gear smoothly. I also created the layers for the top and bottom cap and the layers that would be placed in-between each stack for a small gap. Moreover, I created a main support that will be placed beneath all the stacks to give them a height and small caps that fit into the short rods attached to some of the stacks.


Fig. 4. Rhino Screenshot


Fig. 5. 3D Models for Main Support (Left) and Cap (Right)


After finalizing the stack design in Rhino, I exported them to Adobe Illustrator file to send them to a laser cutter.


Fig. 6. Adobe Illustrator Screenshot


Following images are taken as I built the final product. Central rod was provided by Professor Marcela.


Fig. 7. Main Support with Bottom Layer and Layer In-between

Fig. 8. Laser Cut Wood Blocks

Fig. 9. Double-Sided Tape was used to Affix 3mm and 6mm Wood Blocks into One

Fig. 10. One Completed Floor of Hexagonal Stack


  • Conclusion

I have created a reconfigurable table organizer to hang small accessories on it. It consists of three main parts: main support, wooden hanger, and the central rod. Four to six floors of the hexagonal wood stacks are first planned to be created, but, due to lack of time, I could only create one completed floor. Moreover, I did not include the rotation angle for the stacks and made all the wood stacks to perfectly fit each other. I had to manually cut some parts to give them some space for rotation.

Most of the challenges occurred during the fabrication process more than design process. I had to wait and re-do 3D printing whenever someone accidentally stops my printing, and I also had to wait for one of the supervisors to be in presence whenever I used the Laser Cutter.

Overall, I successfully created the main support and one floor of hexagonal organizing floor. More floors are yet to be created and stacked on top of each other to make a completed table organizer.