Paper Art: History & Practice

Paper Art: History and Practice

Course Number: CCCF-SHU 127 001
Spring 2016
Course Website: http://ima.nyu.sh/paperarts/
Lecture: Tuesdays and Thursdays, 3:15-4:30 pm
Recitation: Fridays 3:15-4:30 pm
Instructor: Marianne R. Petit, 马丽莲
Email: marianne DOT petit AT nyu.edu
Semester: Fall 2014, NYU Shanghai
Credits: 4

Course Description:
Beginning with the Chinese arts of Zhezhi (paper folding) and Jianzhi (paper cutting) the paper craft movement has roots on all continents. This course reviews the history of both Chinese and international traditions, in addition to examining contemporary practices. Additionally, students will have hands-on experience through weekly exercises in the fundamentals of paper engineering techniques and basic conductive materials, creating movable books and sculptures.

Assignments:
This course is divided into several subject areas: 1) The history of paper and paper making; 2) paper folding; 3) paper cutting; 4) paper engineering; 5) paper automata; the DIY electronics and paper craft movement; and 6) paper sculptures and new media. Each subject area has: associated readings; a short research presentation on history and/or forms; several hands-on mechanical exercises; and one individual creative exercise. Additionally, there is one final project. The final project can take on the form of either a research presentation on a specific area of interest or a creative manifestation on any of the forms and techniques examined in class.

Learning Objectives:

  1. To understand the history, development, and material aspects of paper and its production
  2. To develop an understanding and appreciation of paper arts techniques including, folding, cutting, engineering, and contemporary experimental practices incorporating new materials;
  3. To learn and and display competency in basic techniques in all the above;
  4. To take those core competencies and apply them to original creations and forms.

Grading:
25% Participation and Attendance
20% Blog posts – readings and pattern exercises
20% Research Responses
25% Creative Application Assignments
10% Final Project

Attendance:
Attendance in all classes is mandatory. Two or more absences will effect your grade. Please contact me in advance so that I can assist you in determining how to make up class material.

Office Hours:
Office Hours are on Wednesdays from 1-4 and by appointment.

Electronic Device Policy:
Mobile devices are not allowed in class. Ever. You can use a laptop for note taking, however, there is no checking of email, Facebook, Twitter, Weibo, WeChat, or other social media. Working on other school work during class on your laptop is also prohibited. Doing this will result in loss of laptop privilege in class. Laptops must be closed during critiques and class discussions.

Week 1:
Paper: The History of Paper, Paper Making, Paper Properties & The Environmental Impact, Upcycling!

Tuesday, January 26th

  • Introduction to the Course
  • Introduction to the IMA Class blog where you will post your assignments.
  • Lecture: An Introduction to Paper
  • Assignment:
    • Class Blog. You will receive an email notification later today. Activate your account.
    • Read: “Paper: An Elegy” by Ian Samson (Introduction: “Respecting Paper: An Introduction  and Chapter 1: “A Miracle of Inscrutable Intricacy”)
    • Post a response to the readings to the Documentation Blog. Be sure to tag it correctly under the Paper Arts class. (Due Thursday January 28th, before class)

Thursday, January 28th

  • Lecture: The History of Paper
    • Egypt: Papyrus
    • Pergamon: Parchment
    • China: Cailun and pulp paper making
    • The spread of paper around the globe and its mechanization
  • Lecture: Paper making Process
    • Pulping
    • Manual paper making

Friday, January 29th

  • Lecture:
    • Paper Properties
    • Industrial Papermaking
    • The Environmental Impact of Paper
    • Sustainable paper making processes: recycled and treeless paper, water treatment, biogas
  • Assignment
    • In Tuesday’s class, we will have an “Upcycle Challenge!” This means you will be bringing in paper materials that you would otherwise throw out and you will make something new and better from it. Assemble your materials and be prepared for Tuesday’s class. The final piece will be presented and critiqued on Thursday February 4th.
    • Read:”Paper: An Elegy” by Ian Samson (Chapter 2: In the Wood);
    • Read: “Paper Trails from Trees to Trash – The True Cost of Paper” by Mandy Haggith (Chapter 1: Addicted to Pulp and Chapter 7: Frankentree Plantations); Two optional readings that I strongly recommend are Chapter 2: From Artisans to Industrialists and Chapter 3: Checks and Balances.
    • Post a response to the readings to the class blog. Due (before class) Tuesday, February 2nd.

Week 2
Upcycling & Introduction to Paper Folding

Tuesday, February 2nd

  • In-Class Exercise: The UpCycle Challenge!
  • Assignment:
    • Complete your project. Photograph your in-class challenge and post it to the blog. Describe what you made / your process / your intent.

Thursday, February 4th

  • Critique UpCycling Assignment
  • Assignment:
    • Read: “Paper: An Elegy” by Ian Samson (Chapter 10: “A Wonderful Mental and Physical Therapy”) Post Response.
    • Read: “Encyclopedia of the Exquisite: An Anecdotal History of Elegant Delights” by Jessica Kerwin Jenkins (Chapter on Origami)
    • Post response to class blog. Due Tuesday, February 16th.

Friday, February 5th

  • Assignment:
    • Post response to film to class blog. Due Tuesday, February 16th.

SPRING FESTIVAL HOLIDAY

Week 3
Paper Folding: The Single Sheet, Introduction to Modular Origami, Golden Venture Folds

Tuesday, February 16th

  • Discuss: A Wonderful Mental and Physical Therapy
  • Lecture: China: Zhezhi (摺紙)
    • Hands-on: Traditional patterns: cup, box, boat, balloon
  • Lecture: Japan: Origami
    • Hands-on: Crane and Yoshizawa butterflies
  • Assignment:

Thursday, February 18th

  • Lecture: Introduction to Modular Origami
  • Lecture: More Modular Origami: Golden Venture Folds
  • Assignment:

Friday, February 19th

  • Field Trip! Fuzhou Lu – Paper Street
  • Assignment:
    • Begin planning and working on your creative paper folding assignment. Due Friday February 26th. Post Design sketch to class blog. Due Tuesday February 23rd.
    • Begin work on Paper Folding Research Blog Post. You have been introduced to paper folding, but there is so much more out there. Begin your research. Locate an artist, movement, technique, style — something that we are not covering in class. Research this topic. Post 500 word blog post. Include photos and citations. Due Tuesday, March 1st.
  • IMA ORIENTATION  Monday February 22nd 4:30 pm
  • IMA ORIENTATION Tuesday February 23rd, 6:00 pm

Week 4
Mathematics, Tesselations, Kusadama, and European Traditions. Critique Creative Paper Folding Assignment

Tuesday, February 23rd

Thursday, February 25th

  • Continuation of above lecture
  • Work in class on Creative PaperFolding Assignment
  • Assignment
    • Complete Creative Paper Folding Assignment. Document your work and upload it to the blog. Bring your object to class (Due Friday February 26th)

Friday, February 26th

  • Critique: Creative Paper Folding Assignment
  • Assignment:
    • Complete your Paper Folding Research Blog Post (Due Tuesday, March 1st)
    • Reading from PaperCutting: Tips, Tools and Techniques for Learning the Craft
    • Bring paper, scissors, x-acto knife to class.

Week 5
Paper Cutting: Jianzhi (剪纸), Kiri, Kirigami, Katagame, and Katzome

Tuesday, March 1st

  • Jianzhi (剪纸)  – Hands-on Workshop
  • Assignment:
    • Create two papercuts. Here are some samples to get you started, but don’t be limited by these designs. I also have several books located in my office and there are several books located in the library for your use as well. Look for what inspires you. Photograph and post to the blog. Please write about your process. Due Thursday March 3rd.

Thursday, March 3rd

  • Lecture: China: Jianzhi (剪纸)
  • Lecture: Japan: Kiri, Kirigami, Katagame and Katzome
  • Assignment:
    • Be sure to bring paper, scissors, x-acto knife to class.

Friday, March 4th

  • Lecture: Continuation from Thursday
  • Hands-On: Basic Kirigami techniques
  • Assignment:
    • Create 2 kirigami pieces. Here are some samples to get you started. Due Tuesday, March 8th. Post to blog.
    • Begin planning and working on your creative paper cutting assignment. Due Friday March 11th. Post Design sketch to class blog. Due Tuesday March 8th.
    • Begin work on Paper Cutting Research Post. You have been introduced to paper folding, but there is so much more out there. Begin your research. Locate an artist, movement, technique, style — something that we are not covering in class. Research this topic. Post 500 word blog post. Include photos and citations. Due Tuesday, March 15th.

Week 6
Paper cutting traditions across Europe: Kaat’i, Vytynanky, Wycinanki, Scherenschnitte, Papel Picado, and Contemporary Artists & Paper Cutting. Critique Creative Paper Folding Assignment

Tuesday, March 8th

  • Turkey: Kaat’i
  • Ukraine: Vytynanky
  • Poland: Wycinanki
  • Jewish papercuts
  • Germany & Switzerland: Scherenschnitte
  • The Silhouette
  • Mexico: Papel Picado
  • Pennsylvania Dutch and the Scherenschnitte
  • Contemporary Artists and Paper Cutting
  • Assignment:
    • Sample Silhouette / Sample Polish Lowicz
    • Continue work on your Creative Paper Cutting assignment. Combine techniques presented in class (Due Friday March 11).
    • Paper Cutting Research Post. You have been introduced to paper folding, but there is so much more out there. Begin your research. Locate an artist, movement, technique, style — something that we are not covering in class. Research this topic. Post 500 word blog post. Include photos and citations. Due Tuesday, March 15th.

Thursday, March 10th

  • Lecture (Continued from previous class)
  • Introduction to the laser cutter
  • Assignment:
    • Complete Creative Paper Cutting Assignment. Post to Blog. Bring your work to class.

Friday, March 11th

  • Critique: Creative Paper Cutting Assignment
  • Assignment:
    • Complete your Paper Cutting Research Blog Post (Due Tuesday, March 15th)

Week 7
Introduction to Paper Engineering

Tuesday, March 15th

  • A History of Paper Devices
  • Early books and mechanical elements
  • England and Germany: Early children’s literature and the Golden age of Movable Books
  • The 1960’s and the Second Golden Age of Movable Books
  • Assignment:
    • Be sure to bring scissors, x-acto knife, paper, cutting mat (if you have), glue stick, and tape to class for the next two weeks.

Thursday, March 17th

  • Lecture: Contemporary Paper Engineering
  • Hands-on: 90 degree folds: Single Folds, Triangles, Boxes / Parallel Folds (Equal & Unequal), Box supports, Cutaways, Crossovers, Assymetrical Angles & Tilted Boxes, Shaped Boxes, Layers
  • Hands-On: 180 degrees: Horizontal V’s and Scenery Flats
  • Hands-On: Contemporary Paper Engineering: pivots, pull tabs, dials
  • Assignment:

Friday, March 18th

  • Continuation of Contemporary Paper Engineering
  • Assignment:
    • Begin work on Creative Paper Engineering Assignment (Due Tuesday, March 22nd) Post Design sketches to class
    • Begin work on Paper Engineering Research Post (Due Thursday March 29th)

Week 8
Advanced Paper Engineering

Tuesday, March 22nd

  • Advanced Contemporary Paper Engineering Techniques
  • Assignment:
    • Continue work on Creative Paper Engineering Assignment (Due, Friday March 25th)
    • Continue work on Paper Engineering Research Post (Due Tuesday, March 29th)

Thursday, March 24th

  • Advanced Contemporary Paper Engineering Techniques
  • Assignment:
    • Complete Creative Paper Engineering Assignment (Due, Friday March 25th). Post to Class Blog. Bring your
    • Continue work on Paper Engineering Research Post (Due Tuesday, March 29th)

Friday, March 25th

  • Work-in-Class
  • Assignment:
    • Complete your Creative Paper Engineering Assignment (Due Tuesday March 29th)
    • Complete your Paper Cutting Research Blog Post (Due Thursday, March 31st)

Week 9
Paper Automata

Tuesday, March 29th

  • Critique:  Creative Paper Engineering Assignment
  • Assignment:
    • Complete Paper Cutting Research Blog Post (Due Thursday March 31st)

Thursday, March 31st

  • Lecture: Introduction and History of Automata
  • Assignment:

Friday, April 1st

  • Working with Paper Gears
  • Assignment:
    • Design your own simple original paper automata. Document to the class blog (Due Thursday April 14th) Bring to class with you for critique.

SPRING BREAK – QINGMING HOLIDAY

Week 10
Contemporary Paper Craft Movement + DIY Electronics

Tuesday, April 12th

  • Lecture: Contemporary Paper Craft Movement + DIY Electronics
  • Demonstration: Paper arts and electronics – an introduction to conductive materials.
  • Assignment:
    • Complete simple original paper automata (Due Thursday April 14th)
    • Begin thinking about a simple but meaningful interactive paper craft experience which will incorporate any of the materials reviewed in class this week (light, sound, memory wire, etc.)

Thursday, April 14th

  • Review Paper Automata
  • Lecture: More DIY electronics and conductive materials
  • Assignment:
    • Create a simple but meaningful interactive paper craft experience incorporating materials reviewed in class this week. Due Tuesday, April 19th. Post to blog. Bring to class.

Friday, April 15th

  • Hands-On: Paper DIY Electronics Exercise
  • Assignment:
    • Create a simple but meaningful interactive paper craft experience incorporating materials reviewed in class this week. Due Tuesday, April 19th. Post to blog. Bring to class.

Week 11: Individual Student Appointments. I am hoping to meet for 20 minutes with each student in class to review your projects and process. I will set up a google calendar making times available from Monday April 18th through Thursday April 21st. Be sure to sign up for a time. Thanks.

Week 11
More Contemporary Paper Craft Movement + DIY Electronics

Tuesday, April 19th

  • Critique projects

Thursday, April 21st

  • Animated Surfaces: Introduction to MadMapper and Projection Mapping

Friday, April 22nd

  • Projection Mapping Workshop
  • Assignment:
    • Develop concept proposal for final project. Post to class blog. Be prepared to present in class on Tuesday, April 26th.

Week 12
Concept presentations and more paper craft

Tuesday, April 26th

  • Present Final Project  Proposals.

Thursday, April 28th

  • 3D Paper Sculptures
    • 3D programs / Pepakura Designer

Friday, April 29th

  • Work in class on Final Project

Week 13
Work on Final Projects

Tuesday, May 3rd

  • Work on Final Project

Thursday, May 5th

  • Work on Final Project

Friday, May 6th

  • Work on Final Project

Week 14
Work on Final Projects

Tuesday, May 10th

  • Final Project Critique: Part 1

Tuesday, May 12th

  • Final Project Critique: Part 2

Friday, May 13th: IMA END-OF-SEMESTER SHOW 5:30-8:00 pm

READINGS – REQUIRED

Title: Papermaking: The History and Technique of an Ancient Craft
Author: Dard Hunter
SBN-10: 0486236196
ISBN-13: 978-0486236193
Publisher: Dover Publications
Publication Date: March 17, 2011
Edition: 1

Title: Paper: An Elegy
Author: Ian Samsom
ISBN-10: 0062241435
ISBN-13: 978-0062241436
Publisher: William Morrow
Publication Date: May 14 2013
Edition: 1

Title: Paper Trails: From Trees to Trash-The True Cost of Paper
Author: Mandy Haggit
ISBN-10: 0753513293
ISBN-13: 978-0753513293
Publisher: Virgin Books
Publication Date: June 4, 2010
Edition: 1

READINGS – RECOMMENDED:

Title: Ancient Chinese Inventions
Author: Yinke Deng
ISBN-10: 0521186927
ISBN-13: 978-0521186926
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication Date: March 28 2011
Edition: 3

Title: Papercutting: Tips, Tools, and Techniques for Learning the Craft
Author: Claudia Hopf
ISBN-10: 0811708195
ISBN-13: 978-0811708197
Publisher:Stackpole Books
Publication Date: January 1, 2011
Edition: 1

Title: Papercutting: Contemporary Artists / Timeless Craft
Author: Edited by Laura Heyenga, Preface by Rob Ryan, Introduction by Natalie Avella
ISBN-10: 0811874524
ISBN-13: 978-0811874526
Publisher: Chronicle Books
Publication Date: May 11, 2011
Edition:

Title: Folding Techniques for Designers: From Sheet to Form
Author: Paul Jackson
ISBN-10: 1856697215
ISBN-13: 978-1856697217
Publisher: Laurence King Publishers; Pap/Cdr edition
Publication Date: May 11, 2011
Edition:

Title: Elements Of Pop Up: A Pop Up Book For Aspiring Paper Engineers
Author: James Diaz (Author, Illustrator), David A. Carter (Author, Illustrator)
ISBN-10: 0689822243
ISBN-13: 978-0689822247
Publisher: Little Simon; Pop edition
Publication Date: October 1, 1999
Edition:

Title: Pop-Up Design and Paper Mechanics: How to Make Folding Paper Sculpture
Author: Duncan Birmingham
ISBN-10: 1861086857
ISBN-13: 978-1861086853
Publisher: Guild of Master Craftsman
Publication Date: March 1, 2011
Edition:

Title: The Art Of Chinese Paper Folding For Young And Old
Author: Maying Soong
ASIN: B000QREQAM
Publisher: World’s Work; Reprint edition
Publication Date: 1970
Edition:

Title: Chinese Cut-Paper Animal Designs (Dover Pictorial Archive)
Author: Dover
ISBN-10: 0486452255
ISBN-13: 978-0486452258
Publisher: Dover Publications
Publication Date: November 17, 2006
Edition:

Title: Paper Art: The Complete Guide to Papercraft Techniques (Watson-Guptill Crafts)
Author: Diane Maurer-Mathison
ISBN-10: 0823038408
ISBN-13: 978-0823038404
Publisher: Watson-Guptill
Publication Date: October 1, 1997
Edition:

Title: Scherenschnitte: Designs and Techniques for the Traditional Craft of Papercutting
Author: Susanne Schlapfer-Geiser
ISBN-10: 1887374183
ISBN-13: 978-1887374187
Publisher: Lark Books
Publication Date: March 1997
Edition:

Title: Origami: Webster’s Timeline History, 1917 – 2007
Author: Icon Group International
ISBN-10: 1114431885
ISBN-13: 978-1114431881
Publisher: ICON Group International, Inc.
Publication Date: March 10, 2010
Edition:

Title: Chinese Cut-Paper Designs (Dover Pictorial Archive)
Author: Theodore Menten
ISBN-10: 0486231984
ISBN-13: 978-0486231983
Publisher: Dover Publications
Publication Date: June 1, 1975
Edition:

Title: Chinese Folk Designs (Dover Pictorial Archives)
Author: Willis M. Hawley
ISBN-10: 0486226336
ISBN-13: 978-0486226330
Publisher: Dover Publications
Publication Date: June 1, 1971
Edition:

Title: The Paper Cut-Out Design Book: A Sourcebook for Creating and Adapting the Heritage of American Folk Art, Polish Wycinanki, Chinese Hua Yang, Japanese Kirigami, German Scherenschnitte, and Others
Author: Ramona Jablonski
ISBN-10: 0916144046
ISBN-13: 978-0916144043
Publisher: Stemmer House Publishers; First Edition edition
Publication Date: July 1976
Edition: